FMO (Netherlands Development Finance Company) (2021)

Signing Date 19 Oct 2005
Region of Headquarters: Europe
Current EPFI Reporting Year/Period: 2021
Institutional Reporting: Link to Report


Please read the important notes and disclaimer for further information on ‘EPFI Reporting’, compliance and publication on the EP website.

Further information on this EPFI may be obtained through the Institutional Reporting hyperlink.

Project Finance Advisory Services

Total number mandated in the reporting period: 0

Project Finance Transactions

Total number that reached Financial Close in the reporting period: 4

Equator Principles Category A1 B2 C3
Oil & Gas
Power 1 3
Americas 2
Europe, Middle East & Africa 1 1
Asia Pacific
Country Designation
Designated Country 4
Non Designated Country 1 3
Independent Review
Yes 1 3
Totals 1 3

Category A – Projects with potential significant adverse environmental and social risks and/or impacts that are diverse, irreversible or unprecedented.


Category B – Projects with potential limited adverse environmental and social risks and/or impacts that are few in number, generally site-specific, largely reversible and readily addressed through mitigation measures.


Category C – Projects with minimal or no adverse environmental and social risks and/or impacts.


Designated Countries are those countries deemed to have robust environmental and social governance, legislation systems and institutional capacity designed to protect their people and the natural environment.

Project-related Refinance & Project-related Acquisition For Project Finance

This information is required under EP4. EP4 applies for those transactions mandated after 1 October 2020 and that have reached Financial Close by the end of the period being reported.

Project Name Reporting For Project Finance (And Project-related Refinance & Project-related Acquisition Finance For Project Finance)

No. Project Name Sector Project Location(s) Year of Financial Close
1 Central Termica de Temane Power Mozambique 2021
2 Winch IPP Holdings Limited Power United Kingdom 2021
3 Central Eolica Pampa de Malaspina S.A.U. Power Argentina 2021
4 Polaris Energy Nicaragua S.A. Power Nicaragua 2021

Project-Related Corporate Loans

Total number that reached Financial Close in the reporting period: 0

Project-related Refinance & Project-related Acquisition For Project-related Corporate Loans

This information is required under EP4. EP4 applies for those transactions mandated after 1 October 2020 and that have reached Financial Close by the end of the period being reported.

Implementation of the Equator Principles


In 2005, the Netherlands Development Finance Company (FMO) adopted the Equator Principles (EP) to create a risk management framework for determining, assessing and managing environmental and social risks in projects.

FMO believes that good economic, environmental and social (E&S) management, and corporate governance, are interrelated. Therefore, we are convinced that there is a strong business case for the incorporation of ESG issues in business strategies. As a consequence, FMO recognizes the value of considering environmental and social criteria when financing and therefore decided to endorse the Equator Principles. The main objective is to express our commitment to mainstreaming sustainability considerations in financial best practice throughout the sector.

As stipulated by our Sustainability Policy, FMO has been using the Safeguard Policies / IFC Performance Standards (IFC PS) since the year 2000. Due to the new reporting requirements requested since the third generation of EP (EPIII) to further breakdown the categorized investments by sector, region, and independent review, we simplified our quantitative reporting and it covers the exact scope of the latest EP reporting generation (EP4).

Additionally, FMO applies the safeguard policies and the IFC PS to a scope of investments broader than EP-eligible transactions, as outlined in our Sustainability policy. Although indirect investments are not within the scope of Equator Principles, we still work with our financial institution (FI) clients and private equity funds (PEF) in which we invest, to improve how they handle the environmental and social risk in their portfolios in line with FMO’s requirements. Through this, we identify potential value creation that can be achieved with these clients.

FMO’s Sustainability Policy

Minimum Requirements

FMO can work with a broad array of privately owned companies, financial institutions (FI) and private equity funds (PEF). FMO’s exclusion list and Sustainability policy place boundaries on where and how FMO can invest. The Exclusion List relates to activities that are not supported by development banks such as FMO due to their unacceptable nature (i.e. child labor). See FMO’s website for the full list, under Exclusion list.

ESG Integration into Investment Process

FMO considers ESG issues integrated into the organisation. Almost all departments involved in the credit process have ESG expertise or exposure to ESG issues. Investment managers are responsible for addressing ESG issue with low risk clients and work together with E&S and Corporate Governance officers on high risk clients. The same applies to the credit analysts in the credit department. Legal counsels work together with deal teams to incorporate ESG clauses in the contracts and our portfolio management departments work on monitoring ESG actions and reporting that clients have to undertake.

FMO’s Sustainability policy outlines our risk-based approach to ESG management, including our applicable requirements of customers. For our high ESG risk investments, Should ESG gaps be identified at our clients we work with them to develop an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) and/or Corporate Governance Plan to close these gaps relative to our requirements ESG officers participate in the deal teams together with the investment officers. ESG staff report directly to department specific ESG Managers. The purpose of the ESG manager layer is to ensure clear accountability for meeting ESG targets and enable integrated steering of performance. In 2019, FMO reorganized its ESG and impact management governance. This is the IESG MT (Impact and ESG Management Team) with a director, 4 ESG managers, 1 Capacity development manager, Impact manager. Additionally, FMO has a dedicated Impact measurement and integrated reporting team. This change was made to deepen expertise, improve local stakeholder management, and drive effective and consistent implementation of ESG policies and guidelines, including human rights. This is under the director of Impact and ESG. Ultimately, the Management and Supervisory Boards are responsible for FMO’s ESG targets. FMO currently has an organisation wide target where we aim to achieve an implementation of at least 90% of ESG risks of our high-risk customers are managed at an adequate level (rating BB or better) in the reporting year. This is tracked in an internal IT system called Sustainability Information System. The ESG target is one of FMO’s non-financial targets, which is included in the annual report.

In 2017, as part of revised Sustainability Framework, FMO has issued position statements that further reinforce ESG issues into the organization. These position statements include Human Rights, Gender, and Land Governance. FMO also published its path to becoming a leader in this space, from compliance to value add. The path reflects FMO’s ambition to become a leading bank in financing the transition to a more inclusive and greener economy. This entails the conscious build-up of a portfolio of projects that target sectors that support people that are in need of access to basic services, e.g. finance, energy and food, and achieve an optimal use of scarce resources and a reduction of harmful emissions. These can be found at

Direct Investment

To help our direct investment clients establish sound ESG practices, our ESG performance management includes: (1) Risk Categorization of clients, (2) Establishing applicable requirements, (3) Environmental and Social Action Plans and (4) pricing incentives.

(1) Risk Categorization of Clients

All new and existing clients are subject to a Risk Categorization of their (potential) Environmental and Social impacts. There are four risk categories A, B+, B and C: A = high risk: Projects / clients with potential significant adverse social or environmental impacts which are diverse, irreversible or unprecedented. B+ = medium high risk: Clients with potential adverse social or environmental impacts that are generally beyond the site boundaries, largely reversible and can be addressed through relevant mitigation measures. B = medium risk: Clients with potential limited adverse social or environmental impacts that are few in number, generally site-specific, largely reversible and readily addressed through mitigation measures. C = low risk: Projects with minimal or no adverse social or environmental Impacts. At the same time, we cooperate closely with the European Development Finance Institutions (EDFI’s) with the purpose to harmonize our definitions and requirements.

(2) Establishing applicable requirements

FMO requires its customers to comply with applicable environmental, social and human rights laws in their home and host countries. Applicable environmental, social and human rights laws are both applicable national and international law to which the client is subject In addition, FMO upholds a set of (inter)national standards, as specified in Chapter 4 of the FMO Sustainability Policy. With respect to the management of environmental and social impact, the primary standards that guide FMO’s relationship with clients are the IFC Environmental and Social Performance Standards and the associated World Bank Group Environmental Health and Safety Guidelines.

(3) Environmental and Social Action Plans

In line with our risk-based approach, an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) may be agreed with the customer as necessary, with clear and practical milestones to be achieved within a certain period. The ESAP would normally allow clients a reasonable time period (ca. three-year period) and at a minimum within the period of investment to reach full compliance with the requirements. The ESAP is, in cooperation with the client, made “SMART”, i.e. Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic and Time-Bound, and included contractually in the loan or shareholder documentation. Non-compliance with key milestones of the ESAP constitutes an event of default under the loan documentation. Effective implementation of the ESAP adds value to the client, it mitigates E&S risks and it contributes to E&S development impact that FMO achieves through its financing.

(4) Pricing Incentives/Penalties

FMO can support the E&S business case in structuring its financial products. From a risk-return perspective, FMO can support implementation of major milestones of the ESAP by offering pricing incentives and by providing capacity development grants for technical assistance.